The Endurance of Graphology in France
Hugh Schofield at BBC News Paris has posted an interesting article on the continued use of the field of graphology in France. In contrast to much of the rest of the world apparently, French employers continue to rely on this form of handwriting analysis. Schofield cites a 1991 independent study that found ”that a massive 91% of public and private organisations in France were then making use of handwriting analysis.”
In France, the field is associated with the work of the French Catholic priest, Jean-Hipployte Michon (1806-1881). In Germany, graphology has been historically connected to the characterologist Ludwig Klages (1872-1956). And, in fact, historian Per Leo has just published a book examining the tangled history of graphology in Germany, along with its ties to anti-semitism.