Archive for October, 2013

CfP: Life Sciences After World War II (University of Pittsburgh)

“The Life Sciences after World War II: Institutional Change and International Connections”

May 16-17, 2014
University of Pittsburgh

This conference, the second in a series of conferences on world-historical views of the history of science, addresses the theoretical and empirical work of researchers in the life sciences, from 1945 to 2000, in the context of changing scientific institutions, shifting socio-political regimes, and advancing knowledge. The scope of life sciences, for our purposes, includes disciplines ranging from medicine and biology to psychology and public health, and we hope to explore the ramifications of these disciplines in other fields. For both historians of the life sciences and world historians, the post-WWII period remains relatively underexamined. We seek interventions in interpretation of these fields from scholars based in history, history of science and medicine, social sciences and natural sciences. In particular, we are seeking papers that address any aspect of the life sciences from a global/world history perspective.

We have developed an initial conceptualization of some main processes in scientific research and invite paper proposals that pursue these issues or, indeed, argue that other processes are of equal significance. We see the postwar history of science as a period marked by dramatic advances in knowledge of the life sciences during a time of increasing international collaboration. At the same time, new research occurred within a climate fraught with Cold-War enmities and the suspicions brought on by decolonization. The institutions of scientific research expanded not only through growing universities but through private corporations and the expansion of national offices to support and direct research.

Postwar researchers and policy-makers in many situations emphasized the role of science in efforts to bring about development, of particular interest because of the centrality of decolonization in postwar years. Concern with development brought about expanded international connections which saw knowledge shared and transferred through such mechanisms as brain drains, professional and educational exchange programmes, and joint research enterprises. Concurrently, global institutions including the UN, UNESCO, the WHO, and the World Bank were important actors during this time period and endeavors such as the International Biology Program and worldwide disease eradication campaigns broadened the scale of scientific research. Consequently, the collection of global data demanded new collaborations among researchers, funding bodies, and scientific organizations.

Key questions of interest include:
– How did these processes affect the development of the life sciences?
– In what way did new international institutions shape scientific development?
– What did the impact of these large global institutions look like on the ground?
– How did the science policies of nation-states play out in the global arena?
– To what extent were local scientific actors impacted by alterations in the global scientific landscape?
– How did international commercial forces contribute to these changes?
– What can varied disciplinary approaches tell us about the globalization of science in the post-WWII period?
– What new insights can world historians obtain from the study of recent scientific history?

Beyond these broad questions, comments and suggestions are welcomed on other aspects of the life sciences after World War II that are significant to the conference. This period has received comparatively little attention from both world historians and historians of the life sciences and our hope is that this meeting will provide an opportunity to bridge some of the gaps both within and between these two subdisciplines. We expect to revise and refine conference priorities in response to such discussion.

Papers will be peer-reviewed and selected on the basis of individual strength and thematic coherence. In addition to presentation at the conference, papers will be considered for inclusion in a conference volume to be published by the University of Pittsburgh Press (the conference and publication are supported by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to the University of Pittsburgh). Papers not included in the volume may feature in a special issue on international connections in the life sciences in a journal dedicated to global history.

Proposals (ranging from 500 to 1000 words) should include some indication of research methods, temporal organization, and reference to any links between the proposal and the wider global, disciplinary, and historical questions identified in the Call for Papers. Proposals which incorporate interdisciplinary approaches are particularly welcomed.

Proposals are due December 1, 2013 and should be sent to matsavelli@gmail.com . Those accepted will be notified by January 20, 2014. The conference will be held at the University of Pittsburgh and we have secured funding to assist with travel and accommodation expenses.

For more information, see http://www.worldhistory.pitt.edu/

Patrick Manning
Andrew W. Mellon Professor of World History and Director of the World History Center, University of Pittsburgh

Mat Savelli
Postdoctoral Fellow in the World History of Science, University of Pittsburgh

Colloque international : Charles Richet et son temps (Paris, novembre 2013)

Charles Richet et son temps

Colloque

Jeudi 14 novembre 2013

Salle des séances de l’Académie nationale de médecine

16 rue Bonaparte, 75006 Paris
Entrée libre

Anaphylaxie, sérothérapie, chaleur animale, suc gastrique et digestion, fermentation lactique et lactose, contraction musculaire, sensibilité, etc. Ces quelques mots et expressions dessinent le portrait d’un physiologiste d’exception, Charles Richet, récompensé du prix Nobel de physiologie et de médecine en 1913 pour sa découverte de l’anaphylaxie.

Mais en parallèle de son activité de chercheur, Charles Richet s’est également voulu écrivain, constructeur aéronautique, militant pacifiste, résumant à lui seul de nombreuses contradictions de son temps. Véritable pionnier de l’aviation et père spirituel de Louis Bréguet, il est également écrivain et auteur de fables, romans, poèmes et drames à l’antique. Quoique adepte du spiritisme, érigeant la science métapsychique en véritable science, ses travaux de physiologie n’en portent pas moins la marque d’un esprit positiviste et imprégné de rigueur. Eugéniste convaincu, favorable à la « sélection humaine » – pour reprendre le titre d’un de ses ouvrages -, il s’engage néanmoins dans le camp dreyfusard. Son pacifisme militant ne l’empêche pas, non plus, d’anticiper l’appel en 1870 et, de nouveau pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, de partir de son propre chef en Italie afin de la rallier à une cause qu’il estime fondée en droit.

Ce colloque permettra de faire le point, cent ans après l’attribution du prix Nobel à Charles Richet, sur cette figure scientifique fascinante de la fin du XIXe et du début du XXe siècle, homme et savant aux multiples facettes.

8h50. François-Bernard Michel, Président de l’Académie nationale de médecine
Accueil et mot d’ouverture.

Jérôme van Wijland, Directeur de la Bibliothèque de l’Académie nationale de médecine
Le don Gabriel Richet

Présidence : Pierre Ronco, Académie nationale de médecine

9h30. Jean-François Bach, Secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie des sciences
Le développement de l’immunologie après l’anaphylaxie

10h. Pierrette Estingoy, Psychiatre, praticien hospitalier, historienne
De la psychologie expérimentale à la personnalité biologique : la quête d’un savant à l’aube du XXe siècle

Présidence : Jean-Daniel Sraer, Académie nationale de médecine

11h. Raymond Ardaillou, Secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie nationale de médecine
Les travaux physiologiques de Charles Richet

11h30. Jacqueline Carroy, Directrice d’études à l’EHESS, Centre Alexandre Koyré
Charles Richet au seuil du mystère

12h. Alex Csiszar, Assistant Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University
Classer la connaissance scientifique

Présidence : Christophe Charle, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

14h. Jay Winter Charles J. Stille Professor of History, Yale University
Pacifisme, guerre et dépopulation

14h30. Anne Carol, Professeur d’histoire à l’Université d’Aix-Marseille. Institut universitaire de France
Eugénisme et sélection humaine

15h30. Claudine Fontanon, Maître de conférences à l’EHESS, Centre Alexandre Koyré
L’innovation aéronautique

16h. Jean-Marie Seillan, Professeur. Université de Nice – Sophia Antipolis
L’entreprise littéraire

16h30. George Weisz, Social studies of medicine, McGill University
Les Richet, une dynastie familiale

17h. Benoît Finck, Réalisateur
Extrait de film documentaire. Le témoignage de Gabriel Richet sur son grand-père

Exhibiton: “Art Against Mental Illness” (Embrace Fund, Lebanon)

From the website NOW:

Art against mental illness

Embrace Fund brings 19 artists together to exhibit work on a difficult topic

The numbers are heart-breaking: at least one Lebanese person in every five suffers from some form of mental health problem. But very few people, fewer than one in twenty, actively seek a way to help treat their condition.

Things may, however, be finally taking a turn in the right direction.Embrace Fund, a Lebanese non-profit organization, in partnership with the Medical Center of the American Univerisity of Beirut (AUBMC), has decided to confront issues related to mental health in Lebanon head-on, through art.

The exhibition will open its doors on October 24 in a large and newly refurbished space perched on the beautiful Zaitunay Bay water front, right in the middle of downtown Beirut. Ara Azad, the curator of the exhibition, has hand-picked each of the 19 artists whose works will be on display. He has asked each of the artists to work on a piece expressing what the state of Lebanese people’s mental health means to them, how and if it affects their daily lives and the perception they have of their role in society.

The topic of the show is not an easy one to confront. The artists NOWspoke to all confirmed the difficulty they have experienced reflecting on the topic of mental health in Lebanon. None of them was willing to say anything specific about the art they will be exhibiting before the showcase opens its doors, but what they are willing to confirm is that the Zaitunay bay exhibit is something deeply felt, much more than an ordinary show.

Fulvio Codsi, one of the artists chosen by Ara, tells NOW: “Being able to be part of an exhibition with such humane purpose means a great deal to me. I was very much inspired while working on my triptych as it was kind of like undertaking therapy.”

The aim of Embrace fund’s exhibition is to be “a catalyst” for change – every exhibited piece is a call for an open confrontation, a way to try to drag people down into themselves and attempt to explore their inner doubts, problems and fears. This is an effort that it seems the Lebanese are not too keen to undertake – thinking about the present is often preferable to envisioning the future or reflecting on the past.

To read the complete article and for additional information about the exhibition, click here.

Exhibition: “Art in the Asylum. Creativity and the Evolution of Psychiatry” (Nottingham)

ART IN THE ASYLUM

CREATIVITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHIATRY

Admission Free
Saturday 07 September – Sunday 03 November 11am – 5pm
Djanogly Art Gallery
Art in the Asylum presents the first examination of the evolution of artistic activity in British psychiatric institutions from the early 1800s to the 1970s. With over 100 loans from national and international archives, the exhibition traces the historical shift from invasive treatments of mental disorders to a more humane regime in which creativity played a significant role.
Uncovering fascinating stories, this historical overview provides insight into the diagnostic and therapeutic use of patient artwork, its influence on the development of humane psychiatric practice, and its wider recognition by artists associated with Art Brut and so-called Outsider Art.
PLEASE NOTE
The Djanogly Art Gallery runs reduced opening hours on a Sunday, the Gallery will be open 12pm-4pm.
For more information, click here.

Séminaire bimensuel “Psychologie, psychiatrie et psychanalyse : Histoires croisées”

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SÉMINAIRE BIMENSUEL

VENDREDI (14H.-16H.)

PSYCHOLOGIE, PSYCHIATRIE ET PSYCHANALYSE : HISTOIRES CROISÉES

2013-2014

 

Jacqueline CARROY (Directrice d’études à la retraite, E.H.E.S.S.), Jean-Christophe COFFIN (Maître de conférences, Université Paris Descartes), Annick OHAYON (Maître de conférences honoraire, Université de Paris VIII Saint-Denis) et Régine PLAS (Professeur honoraire, Université Paris Descartes)

Lieu du séminaire : Centre Alexandre Koyré, 27 rue Damesme 75013 Paris (5° étage). Métro Tolbiac : Ligne 7 – Bus 62 ou 47.

Psychologie, psychiatrie et psychanalyse ont contribué et contribuent à constituer le champ des savoirs et des pratiques sur l’homme. Il nous semble important de développer à leur endroit une approche historienne. Ce séminaire a pour propos de confronter les histoires de la psychologie, de la psychiatrie et de la psychanalyse, et d’explorer les territoires dévolus à l’homme moral, physique et social dans une période allant du 18e au 20e siècle. Nous souhaitons privilégier la confrontation des approches et des points de vue afin de mettre en œuvre une histoire intellectuelle, culturelle et sociale du domaine « psy ».

Ce séminaire est ouvert aux chercheurs et aux étudiants en histoire et en histoire des sciences, aux praticiens et aux chercheurs en psychologie, psychiatrie et psychanalyse et plus généralement en sciences humaines, ainsi qu’à toute personne intéressée.

 

25 OCTOBRE 2013 : Juan Rigoli (Université de Genève), Physiologie et pathologie sexuelles dans le Dictionnaire des sciences médicales de Panckoucke.

15 NOVEMBRE 2013 : Roberto Poma (Université Paris Est Créteil), Les tribunaux de la folie (XVI-XVIIe siècles). Analyse de quelques Consilia médicaux.

29 NOVEMBRE 2013 : Jean-Christophe Coffin (Université Paris Descartes/CAK), Les thérapies en psychiatrie en France avant la « révolution psychopharmacologique ».

13 DECEMBRE 2013 : Odile Henry (Université Paris VIII Saint-Denis), Les guérisseurs de l’économie, une histoire du management.

10 JANVIER 2014 : Hervé Guillemain (Université du Maine) – Stéphane Tison (Université du Maine), Au croisement de la micro-histoire et du temps long : une autre histoire des traumas de guerre.

24 JANVIER 2014 : Steeves Demazeux (Université de Bordeaux), Le DSM a-t-il encore un avenir ?

7 FEVRIER 2014 : Sharman Levinson (Université d’Angers), Pierre Flourens, la physiologie et son public dans la presse scientifique et médicale des années 1850.

7 MARS 2014 : Laura Lee Downs (EHESS), Une frontière mouvante ? Rencontres entre la sphère associative et la sphère étatique dans la constitution d’un espace parapolitique de protections sociales en France. L’exemple des colonies de vacances, 1880-1950.

21 MARS 2014 : Elisabetta Basso (Technische Universität, Berlin), Michel Foucault et la psychiatrie existentielle.

4 AVRIL 2014 : David Niget (Université d’Angers), Du signe au symptôme : Expertise médico-pédagogique et délinquance juvénile en Belgique au XXe siècle.

23 MAI 2014 : Jacqueline Carroy (EHESS/CAK) et Emmanuel Saint-Fuscien (EHESS), Rêves et psychanalyse dans la salle de classe : l’affaire Freinet à Saint-Paul de Vence.

6 JUIN 2014 : Ana Freire (CHAM, Université nouvelle de Lisbonne), Le fait psychique total : au carrefour de la psychologie et de la psychagogie. Le cas de Paul Masson-Oursel (1882-1956).

 

 

CfP: Workshop “Social history of health and healthcare in Greece”

uoc_logoWorkshop: Social history of health and healthcare in Greece

University of Crete, Department of History and Archaeology, Rethymno, Greece March 29, 2014 | Submissions deadline: 30 November 2013

The history of health and healthcare, a well-established branch of historical studies and medical humanities in many countries, has been recently expanding to include relevant developments in modern Greece. This one-day workshop will bring together researchers who are currently working on the social history of health and healthcare with a particular focus on 20th-century Greece, in order to achieve two sets of aims: on the one hand, to record the state of research, underlining its thematic, methodological and theoretical directions; on the other hand, to investigate the opportunities for research in Greece and other countries and the possibilities for future research collaborations.

 

Issues that could be addressed in relation to 20th-century Greece might include, but are not limited to

• Professional developments and hierarchies

• Healthcare institutions

• Social medicine and social psychiatry

• Mental health and mental healthcare

• Greek medicine and healthcare in a comparative and transnational approach: influences from and communication with other countries and relationships with international organisations

• Relationships between professionals and patients

• Non-medical definitions and interventions: folk medicine, psychological, educational, legal and welfare-associated practices

• Meanings and experiences of health and illness

• Ideological and political meanings and uses of health

 

In addition, we invite presentations on the following more general issues, which may be discussed within different or broader spatial and time frames:

• Historiography, methodology and theory of the history of medicine, health and health care

• The future of the history of medicine and health

• Research projects and funding potentials

 

Postgraduate students and early career researchers are strongly encouraged to submit papers on research in-progress.

Papers should not exceed 10 minutes and emphasis will be placed on discussion.

Place: University of Crete, Rethymno, Crete, Greece

Date: 29 March 2014

Working language of the conference: English

Please submit a paper abstract (300 words) and a short CV to: despo.kritsotaki@gmail.com

 

Submissions deadline: 30 November 2013

Notification of Acceptance: 31 December 2013

Submission of accepted papers: 28 February 2014

 

The conference is organised by Despo Kritsotaki, Efi Avdela and Jim Mills and is hosted by the University of Crete, Department of History and Archaeology. It is implemented within the framework of the Action ‘Supporting Postdoctoral Researchers’ of the Operational Program ‘Education and Lifelong Learning’ (Action’s Beneficiary: General Secretariat for Research and Technology), and is co-financed by the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Greek State.

 

Financial support may be available, depending on need and the availability of funding.

Attendance is free, but you will need to register in advance. For further details on how to sign up, please write to despo.kritsotaki@gmail.com

Please address all inquiries to: despo.kritsotaki@gmail.com

 

Seventh European Psychoanalytic Film Festival @ Institute of Psychoanalysis (London)

This October 31, the European Psychoanalytic Film Festival returns with some of the boldest, most thought provoking voices from European cinema in recent years.

‘Secrets’ is the theme that unites our films this year – and one that guarantees a series of lively discussions as screenings bring you face to face with both directors and prominent psychoanalysts.

Since its inaugural year in 2001, epff has been bringing together psychoanalysts, psychotherapists, filmmakers, academics, critics, students and film enthusiasts under one roof.

And once again, over four days of films, lectures, round-table discussions and a packed social schedule, we aim to foster creative dialogue and illuminate new pathways between the arts and theories of the mind.

If you have an interest in cinema and the many ways it can be enriched through psychoanalytical perspectives, this is an event not to be missed.

For more information, click here.

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