Archive for the ‘ journal ’ Category

New issue – History of Psychiatry

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The second issue of 2017 of History of Psychiatry is now available and could be of interest to H-madness readers. The issue includes the following articles:

Philippe Huneman, From a religious view of madness to religious mania: the Encyclopédie, Pinel, Esquirol.

This paper focuses on the shift from a concept of insanity understood in terms of religion to another (as entertained by early psychiatry, especially in France) according to which it is believed that forms of madness tinged by religion are difficult to cure. The traditional religious view of madness, as exemplified by Pascal (inter alia), is first illustrated by entries from the Encyclopédie. Then the shift towards a medical view of madness, inspired by Vitalistic physiology, is mapped by entries taken from the same publication. Firmed up by Pinel, this shift caused the abandonment of the religious view. Esquirol considered religious mania to be a vestige from the past, but he also believed that mental conditions carrying a religious component were difficult to cure.

The debate on the causes and the nature of pellagra in Italy during the nineteenth century resembles and evokes the similar debate on General Paralysis of the Insane (GPI) that was growing at the same time in the United Kingdom. Pellagra and GPI had a massive and virulent impact on the populations of Italy and the UK, respectively, and contributed to a great extent to the increase and overcrowding of the asylum populations in these countries. This article compares the two illnesses by examining the features of their nosographic positioning, aetiology and pathogenesis. It also documents how doctors arrived at the diagnoses of the two diseases and how this affected their treatment.

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New issue – BMGN-Low Countries Historical Review. Blurring Boundaries: Towards a Medical History of the Twentieth Century

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The first 2017 issue of BMGN-Low Countries Historical Review (Blurring Boundaries: Towards a Medical History of the Twentieth Century) is out now and includes two articles that may be of interest to h-madness readers.

Benoît Majerus, ‘Material Objects in Twentieth Century History of Psychiatry’. The abstract reads as follows:

Interest in the history of psychiatry in the social sciences manifested itself in the sixties and seventies at a moment when concepts such as marginality and deviance appeared as a thought-provoking path to rewrite the history of Western societies. This history of madness faces a turning point. Material culture, as this paper’s line of argument expounds, allows one to remain faithful to the critical heritage of the sixties and seventies while still opening up the field to alternative questions by integrating new actors and themes hitherto largely ignored. It allows nuanced narratives that take into account the structural imbalances of power while at the same time being attentive to the agencies of all the actors, as well as the failures of the institutional utopias.

Gemma Blok, ”We the Avant-Garde’. A History from Below of Dutch Heroin Use in the 1970s’. The abstract reads as follows:

In the 1970s the Netherlands (like many other western countries) was shocked by a sudden wave of heroin use. The heroin ‘epidemic’ is  currently framed as a public health problem that has been solved in a commendably humane fashion. In the mean time heroin users have gained a ‘loser image’. Using memoirs written by and interviews with former heroin users, this article argues that heroin use was initially linked to cultural rebellion, self-development and social criticism. We need to take this forgotten aspect of the history of the Dutch heroin ‘epidemic’ into account when we try to explain this historical phenomenon.

New Issue – L’esprit créateur

L'Esprit_Fall12_Covers.qxpThe winter issue 2016 of the journal “L’esprit créateur”, coordinated by Florence Vatan and Anne Vila, is entitled L’esprit (dé)réglé: Literature, Science, and the Life of the Mind in France, 1700–1900. It contains the following articles:

L’esprit (dé)réglé: Literature, Science, and the Life of the Mind in France, 1700–1900 by Florence Vatan and Anne Vila. The abstract reads:

The case studies presented in this special issue illustrate the unique appeal that the puzzle of the mind exerted across fields of knowledge in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. They highlight the diversity of approaches and perspectives that the exploration of the mind elicited in literature, philosophy, and the sciences de l’homme. They also testify to the conceptual challenges and persistent nebulousness that surrounded the notion of esprit and its close associates. That fluidity of meaning was, in its way, productive: it provoked debates about the nature of the self, the precarious status of consciousness, and the relevance of human exceptionalism.

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New Issue – History of Psychiatry

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Today Bangour Village, one of the famous Scottish asylums of the 20th century, is completely abandoned. Photo by Mark Sutherland

The March 2017 issue of History of Psychiatry is now out. Chris Philo and Jonathan Andrews, as guest editors, have compiled a special issue entitled Histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland.

“Introduction: histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland,” by Chris Philo and Jonathan Andrews. The abstract reads:

This paper introduces a special issue on ‘Histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland’, situating the papers that follow in an outline historiography of work in this field. Using Allan Beveridge’s claims in 1993 about the relative lack of research on the history of psychiatry in Scotland, the paper reviews a range of contributions that have emerged since then, loosely distinguishing between ‘overviews’ – work addressing longer-term trends and broader periods and systems – and more detailed studies of particular ‘individuals and institutions’. There remains much still to do, but the present special issue signals what is currently being achieved, not least by a new generation of scholars in and on Scotland.

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New Issue – Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte

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The first 2017 issue of Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte is now out and includes at least one article that may be of interest to H-Madness readers.

Claudia Moisel: Geschichte und Psychoanalyse. Zur Genese der Bindungstheorie von John Bowlby

Die Geschichte der Psychoanalyse sowie psychologisch-psychiatrische Expertendiskurse werden im angloamerikanischen Sprachraum gegenwärtig vielfältig erforscht, auch im Kontext der dezidiert interdisziplinär angelegten und rasch expandierenden „Childhood Studies“. Der Beitrag erläutert diese Zusammenhänge am Beispiel der laufenden Forschung zur Bindungstheorie des renommierten britischen Kinderpsychiaters John Bowlby. Bowlbys einflussreiche Studien über Heimkinder für die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) etablieren in den fünfziger Jahren „Mutterentbehrung“ (Deprivation) als zentrale Analysekategorie der frühen Kindheit; sein eingängiges Erklärungsangebot zur Entstehung und Prävention psychischer Probleme entfaltete in der Familienpolitik große Wirkung. Der Beitrag verfolgt darüber hinaus das Ziel, das Verhältnis von Geschichte und den „Psychowissenschaften“ in zweifacher Hinsicht methodisch auszuloten, nämlich zum einen den Konstruktionscharakter psychologischer, psychiatrischer und psychoanalytischer Konzepte sichtbar zu machen, zum anderen Aufmerksamkeit zu generieren für eine Fülle zeithistorischer relevanter Quellen und Literatur, die in diesen Zusammenhängen entstanden ist, aber in der Forschung zu wenig Berücksichtigung findet.

New Issue – Bulletin of the History of Medicine

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The fourth 2016 issue of Bulletin of the History of Medicine is now out and includes at least one article that may be of interest to H-Madness readers.

“The Weight of Perhaps Ten or a Dozen Human Lives”: Suicide, Accountability, and the Life-Saving Technologies of the Asylum by Kathleen M. Brian
By accounting for the law’s productive capacity to structure asylum physicians’ encounters with suicide, this essay argues that the antebellum asylum was a technology for the preservation of life. The essay first shows how suicide’s history as a crime encouraged popular attributions of suicide to insanity. What began as a tactic to protect survivors, however, ended by bolstering the professional claims of asylum medicine. Initially it appeared there was much to gain from claiming suicide as their own, but dominion over prevention in fact rendered asylum physicians and their staffs vulnerable in unanticipated ways: for while agents of suicide were effectively evacuated of legal responsibility, a variety of laws made physicians more accountable than ever. Focusing on medical superintendent Amariah Brigham and his staff at the New York State Lunatic Asylum shows how the anxiety of assuming guardianship over the suicidal created networks of accountability that profoundly affected daily life.

 

New Issue – Santé Mentale au Québec

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L’archive psychiatrique – Santé mentale au Québec – Volume XLI, numéro 2, Automne 2016

Dossier coordonné par Marie-Claude Thifault, Isabelle Perreault, Alexandre Klein et Jean Caron

 

 
7 Éditorial – Jean Caron
Numéro thématique L’archive psychiatrique

9 L’archive psychiatrique – Alexandre Klein, Isabelle Perreault et Marie-Claude Thifault

21 À la recherche de l’archive psychiatrique perdue. L’histoire des fonds d’archives d’Alfred Binet (1857-1911)- Alexandre Klein

33 La collection patrimoniale de l’Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal : un trésor à préserver – Christine Bolduc

41 Manque de collaboration, manque d’effectifs ou disparition des données : le nécessaire et difficile accès aux archives psychiatriques- Marie LeBel

51 L’archive iconographique : que nous révèle la culture visuelle des débuts de la psychiatrie française au dix-neuvième siècle ? – Ginette Jubinville

69 Les notes « Observations de l’infirmière » du Département de psychiatrie de l’Hôpital Montfort : une source archivistique incontournable en santé mentale – Sandra Harrisson

83 Les archives psychiatriques : une occasion de saisir l’expérience du patient (Belgique, entre-deux-guerres) – Veerle Massin

101 Des institutions privées d’histoire. Enquête sur les archives d’entreprises capitalistes dédiées à la gestion de la folie (France, 1930-1950) – Hervé Guillemain

119 La bande des six réclame plus de liberté. Délinquants juvéniles internés à Saint-Jean-de-Dieu, milieu 20e siècle – Martin Desmeules et Marie-Claude Thifault

133 Reconstituer une sociabilité savante à partir du fonds d’archives du Centre Hospitalier Henri Ey de Bonneval : réseaux et leurres induits par le travail archivistique – Emmanuel Delille

147 Les archives psychiatriques : des archives pour quelle histoire ? Les papiers de René L. – Philippe Artières

159 La représentation socioculturelle du suicide au Québec au milieu du 20e siècle. Étude de cas – Alexandre Pelletier-Audet

 
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165 Les Pinceaux d’Or : une expérience d’hygiène mentale auprès d’aînés en besoins psychosociaux – Hubert Wallot

177 Mettre à contribution le vécu expérientiel des familles : l’initiative Pair Aidant Famille – Catherine Briand, Rose-Anne St-Paul et Francine Dubé

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