Posts Tagged ‘ 21st century ’

Journée d’étude – La psychiatrie: transformations de la prise en charge des patients et de l’institution du XIXe à nos jours (29 septembre 2017, Lyon)


The seminar ‘La psychiatrie: transformations de la prise en charge des patients et de l’institution du XIXe à nos jours’ could be of interest to H-Madness readers. The event will take place on the 29th of September 2017 in Lyon. Below you find the abstract and the programme of the meeting. More information you can find here or you can contact Pierre Rogez (


Cette journée nationale est organisée par la Société française d’histoire des hôpitaux et le centre hospitalier du Vinatier à Bron. On s’attachera à décrire les évolutions de la prise en charge des patients à travers les idées d’abord mais surtout à travers l’évolution de l’institution. Au moment du centenaire de la première guerre mondiale il sera important de monter l’incidence des deux gueres mondiales sur les hôpitaux psychiatriques. La deuxième partie de la journée s’attachera à insister sur l’importance de la culture et de l’art dans l’évolution de la prise en charge des patients.


Axes thématiques

  • les hôpitaux psychiatriques à l’épreuve des deux guerres mondiales: parenthèse ou tournant dans l’histoire de la psychiatrie moderne
  • “anti-aliénistes” et mouvements de patients au 19è siècle: panorama des premières antipsychiatries européennes.
  • mythes et réalités de la déshospitalisation en France (1960-1985)
  • Des premières productions insolites aux ateliers d’art thérapie: regard historique sur la création de l’hôpital psychiatrique.
  • Comment une politique culturelle peut-elle accompagner les transformations d’un hôpital.

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New issue – History of the Human Sciences


The new issue of the History of the Human Sciences on Psychotherapy in Historical Perspective could be of interest to H-madness readers. The issue is edited by Sarah Marks and contains the following articles:

Sarah Marks, Introduction: Psychotherapy in historical perspective

This article will briefly explore some of the ways in which the past has been used as a means to talk about psychotherapy as a practice and as a profession, its impact on individuals and society, and the ethical debates at stake. It will show how, despite the multiple and competing claims about psychotherapy’s history and its meanings, historians themselves have, to a large degree, not attended to the intellectual and cultural development of many therapeutic approaches. This absence has the potential consequence of implying that therapies have emerged as value-free techniques, outside of a social, economic and political context. The relative neglect of psychotherapy, by contrast with the attention historians have paid to other professions, particularly psychiatry, has also underplayed its societal impact. This article will foreground some of the instances where psychotherapy has become an object of emerging historical interest, including the new research that forms the substance of this special issue of History of the Human Sciences.

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New book – Governing Habits: Treating Alcoholism in the Post-Soviet Clinic


The book Governing Habits: Treating Alcoholism in the Post-Soviet Clinic by Eugene Raikhel could be of interest to H-madness readers. The abstract on the website of Cornell University Press reads:

Critics of narcology—as addiction medicine is called in Russia—decry it as being “backward,” hopelessly behind contemporary global medical practices in relation to addiction and substance abuse, and assume that its practitioners lack both professionalism and expertise. On the basis of his research in a range of clinical institutions managing substance abuse in St. Petersburg, Eugene Raikhel increasingly came to understand that these assumptions and critiques obscured more than they revealed. Governing Habits is an ethnography of extraordinary sensitivity and awareness that shows how therapeutic practice and expertise is expressed in the highly specific, yet rapidly transforming milieu of hospitals, clinics, and rehabilitation centers in post­-Soviet Russia. Rather than interpreting narcology as a Soviet survival or a local clinical world on the wane in the face of globalizing evidence-based medicine, Raikhel examines the transformation of the medical management of alcoholism in Russia over the past twenty years.

The website New Books Network also did an interview with the author. You can listen to this 60-minute podcast here.

This information was retrieved from the blog Advances in the history of psychology.

Psychiatry’s Identity Crisis

American psychiatry is facing an identity crisis, writes Cornell psychiatrist Richard A. Friedman in a New York Times opinion piece published this week:

AMERICAN psychiatry is facing a quandary: Despite a vast investment in basic neuroscience research and its rich intellectual promise, we have little to show for it on the treatment front.

With few exceptions, every major class of current psychotropic drugs — antidepressants, antipsychotics, anti-anxiety medications — basically targets the same receptors and neurotransmitters in the brain as did their precursors, which were developed in the 1950s and 1960s.

Sure, the newer drugs are generally safer and more tolerable than the older ones, but they are no more effective.

To read the rest of this article, click here.

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