Posts Tagged ‘ art ’

Exposition: “Cosa mentale. Les imaginaires de la télépathie dans l’art du XXe siècle” (Centre Pompidou-Metz)

Cosa mentale. Les imaginaires de la télépathie dans l’art du XXe siècle

 Susan Hiller, <i>Homage to Marcel Duchamp: Aura (Blue Boy)</i>, 2011 © S Hiller

Du 28 octobre 2015 au 28 mars 2016

Centre Pompidou-Metz

 

En 1968, le collectif autrichien Haus-Rucker-Co conçoit le Mind Expander sous la forme d’une capsule immersive propulsant le spectateur dans un nouveau mode de perception du réel : la « superception ». Celui-ci constitue alors une synthèse des utopies avant-gardistes qui, tout au long du XXe siècle, influencées par l’imaginaire que fait naître le développement des télécommunications, cherchent à mettre au point un mode de transmission direct de l’émotion. Il s’agit alors d’inventer une nouvelle relation, immédiate, entre l’artiste et le spectateur.

Suivant un parcours chronologique allant du symbolisme de la fin du XIXe siècle à l’art conceptuel, l’exposition réunira une centaine d’œuvres de grands artistes de la modernité, d’Edvard Munch à Vassily Kandinsky, de Joan Miró à Sigmar Polke, issues d’une grande diversité de médias – peintures, dessins, sculptures, photographies, vidéos, films et installations.

Cosa mentale. Les imaginaires de la télépathie dans l’art du XXe siècle retracera l’histoire d’une utopie méconnue et pourtant majeure des avant-gardes du XXe siècle : le devenir télépathique de l’art à l’ère de la révolution immatérielle des télécommunications. Elle montrera comment ce fantasme d’une projection directe de la pensée, balayant les conventions du langage, aura un impact considérable sur la naissance des premières formes d’abstractions, mais aussi, de façon tout aussi surprenante, sur le surréalisme et son obsession pour le partage collectif de la création et la libération des automatismes.

Le parcours s’ouvrira avec l’invention du terme « télépathie », en 1882, quand l’étude de la psychologie se frotte aux récents développements des technologies du lien et de l’image – de la télégraphie sans fil à la future télévision. Des tentatives de « photographie de la pensée » (1895) aux premiers encéphalogrammes (1924), c’est l’activité même du cerveau qui se donne à voir et pousse les artistes à abattre les conventions de la représentation. Davantage que de se soustraire au poids des normes académiques, il s’agit de supprimer toute contrainte de traduction et tout obstacle matériel dans les échanges, à l’instar de la télépathie qui, loin de rester une obscure fantaisie occulte et paranormale, ne cesse d’intriguer et de subjuguer les artistes. Cette idée d’un devenir télépathique, omniprésente dans l’univers de la science-fiction, refait surface dans l’art psychédélique et conceptuel des années 1960-70, avant de resurgir aujourd’hui dans des pratiques contemporaines envoûtées par les technologies de la « connaissance partagée » et l’essor des neurosciences.

Commissaire :
Pascal Rousseau

Pour plus d’informations, voir le site web de l’exposition.

Exhibiton: “Art Against Mental Illness” (Embrace Fund, Lebanon)

From the website NOW:

Art against mental illness

Embrace Fund brings 19 artists together to exhibit work on a difficult topic

The numbers are heart-breaking: at least one Lebanese person in every five suffers from some form of mental health problem. But very few people, fewer than one in twenty, actively seek a way to help treat their condition.

Things may, however, be finally taking a turn in the right direction.Embrace Fund, a Lebanese non-profit organization, in partnership with the Medical Center of the American Univerisity of Beirut (AUBMC), has decided to confront issues related to mental health in Lebanon head-on, through art.

The exhibition will open its doors on October 24 in a large and newly refurbished space perched on the beautiful Zaitunay Bay water front, right in the middle of downtown Beirut. Ara Azad, the curator of the exhibition, has hand-picked each of the 19 artists whose works will be on display. He has asked each of the artists to work on a piece expressing what the state of Lebanese people’s mental health means to them, how and if it affects their daily lives and the perception they have of their role in society.

The topic of the show is not an easy one to confront. The artists NOWspoke to all confirmed the difficulty they have experienced reflecting on the topic of mental health in Lebanon. None of them was willing to say anything specific about the art they will be exhibiting before the showcase opens its doors, but what they are willing to confirm is that the Zaitunay bay exhibit is something deeply felt, much more than an ordinary show.

Fulvio Codsi, one of the artists chosen by Ara, tells NOW: “Being able to be part of an exhibition with such humane purpose means a great deal to me. I was very much inspired while working on my triptych as it was kind of like undertaking therapy.”

The aim of Embrace fund’s exhibition is to be “a catalyst” for change – every exhibited piece is a call for an open confrontation, a way to try to drag people down into themselves and attempt to explore their inner doubts, problems and fears. This is an effort that it seems the Lebanese are not too keen to undertake – thinking about the present is often preferable to envisioning the future or reflecting on the past.

To read the complete article and for additional information about the exhibition, click here.

Article: The Musée de la folie

The most recent issue of the Journal of the History of Collections features an article by Allison Morehead – “The Musée de la folie: Collecting and exhibiting chez les fous” – reconsidering accepted wisdom about the Musée de la folie, which opened on the outskirts of Paris in 1905.

Abstract: The 1905 opening of Dr Auguste Marie’s Musée de la folie, at the Villejuif Asylum on the outskirts of Paris, has long been viewed as a key moment in the early history of the art of the insane. But surprisingly little is known about the museum and its collection. This article argues that the Musée de la folie was in fact a largely imaginary entity that intersected both with the asylum itself and with a planned Musée rétrospectif psychiatrique. Exploring the various discourses constructed through Marie’s collection and through similar collections and museum projects across Europe permits not only a critique of the teleological narrative usually told about the discovery of the art of the insane, but also provides a richer understanding of the psychiatric and popular contexts in which Marie’s heterogeneous collection, including the art works of his patients, was originally gathered, represented and consumed.

Dr. Walter Freeman’s photographs of lobotomy patients

A few days ago, the blog Advances in the History of Psychology pointed its readers to the work of Miriam Posner (a Mellon Postdoctoral Research Associate at Emory University) and the exceptional collection that constitutes the central object of her Yale university dissertation: Dr. Walter Freeman’s before and after photographs of lobotomy patients.

Some of these pictures are featured in a slideshow presented by the blog Science and the Arts (a project of NPR’s Science Friday) and narrated by Posner herself. Posner “argues that for Freeman the photographs served as medical evidence of the benefits of lobotomy and provided justification for his focus on external behavior rather than their mental states when evaluating surgical outcomes” (AHP).

The full slideshow can be viewed here.

Book Announcement – Art in Madness

Maureen Park. Art in Madness: Dr W. A. F. Browne’s Collection of Patient Art at Crichton Royal Institution, Dumfries. Dumfries, Scotland: Dumfries & Galloway Health Board, 2010 (£25).

This book looks at a unique collection of art in Scotland. In the mid-nineteenth century Dr W. A. F. Browne (1805-1885), the first medical superintendent of Crichton Royal Institution in Dumfries, introduced moral management and treatment at the asylum. He encouraged his patients to become involved in a wide range of cultural education activities – education classes, the creation of an asylum library and museum for the use of patients, the publication of their own periodical, musical and theatrical events, visits beyond the asylum walls for social events, and the production of drawings and paintings. So committed was Browne to moral treatment that he preserved samples of his patients’ work and today it is the oldest surviving collection of art by a group of asylum patients in the world. This book places the collection in the context of early psychiatry, examines the patients who became involved in art and provides the first complete catalogue of the 134 works in the collection. The book is fully illustrated.

Dr Maureen Park is a Lecturer in History of Art at the University of Glasgow. A former curator at Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum and at Haggs Castle Museum, Glasgow, she lectures and publishes widely on the links between art, medicine and healthcare. Art in Madness is the result of research undertaken for her PhD thesis on the Crichton Art Collection.

Het Dolhuys and The Madness & Arts Festival (NL)

The city of Haarlem (NL) is currently hosting the third edition of The Madness & Arts Festival (Sept 24 – October 3rd 2010), a festival that focuses on the interaction between art and madness:

Is there a correlation between madness and arts? How do artists acknowledge madness and how does their work influence the way we think about people with psychological disturbances? For ten days, the festival explores these questions within a comprehensive multidisciplinary programme including theatre, dance, film, music, visual arts, literature and poetry. A public meeting and the educational programme open up “madness” for discussion.

The festival site is located next to Het Dolhuys, the National Museum of Psychiatry, and initiator of the festival. There you can meet the artists, drink a cup of coffee with a psychiatrist, eat apple tart from Het Appeltaartenimperium, make your own Rorschach stain, or listen to a daily talkshow with the festival guests.  The Dolhuys also offers a series of daily activities and creative workshops designed for children and young people.

To see the program of the festival, click here.

Arts in Mind Conversation Series (NY)

Arts in Mind is an original series of conversations with leading figures in the literary, visual, multimedia, and performing arts whose work touches on mental health issues. Co-curator of the series and author of Lincoln’s Melancholy, Joshua Wolf Shenk says:

The fundamental connection between human suffering and creative expression is one of the most enduring, and elusive, of human stories. It’s not just that so much piercing and original art springs from minds afflicted with mental illness, but that the arts lend dignity and humanity to the struggles and triumphs of people whose lives are full of hurt. Arts in Mind will be a centerpiece for exploring these connections — and, we hope, the centerpiece of a wide-ranging community that has long been exploring the arts and mental health.

Created by The Austen Riggs Center in collaboration with the Sandor Ferenczi Center at the New School for Social Research, the Art in Mind series kicks off on September 29, with a program entitled Elegies for Our Lost Asylums: a discussion on the restorative use of architecture, space and art, with Christopher Payne and Anna Schuleit.

Christopher Payne’s photography has artfully documented America’s vanishing architecture and industrial landscape. His new book, Asylum: Inside the Closed World of State Mental Hospitals (with an essay by Oliver Sacks) follows a 7-year exploration of America’s vast and largely abandoned state mental institutions. The New York Times called Asylum one of the best art books of 2009 and Dwell called it “astoundingly beautiful work on a subject that rarely gets the attention.” Trained as an architect, Payne is a graduate of Columbia University and the University of Pennsylvania.

Anna Schuleit’s early, large-scale installation projects revolved around psychiatric institutions: “Habeas Corpus” used the hallways and rooms of the abandoned Northampton State Hospital like the insides of an instrument for a performance of J.S. Bach’s Magnificat. “Bloom” consisted of 28,000 potted, blooming flowers throughout four floors of the at the Massachusetts Mental Health Center. Art Forum recently named “Bloom” one of the 10 outstanding art works in history. A 2006 MacArthur Fellow, Schuleit was trained at the Rhode Island School of Design.

(Elegies for Our Lost Asylums, September 29, at 8 p.m., at Tishman Auditorium, The New School, 55 West 13th Street, New York. Free; no tickets or reservations require)

The serie continues on October 20, with filmmaker Jeff Feuerzeig, who will screen his award-winning film, The Devil and Daniel Johnston.  Then, on Monday, November 22, Arts in Mind will feature acclaimed memoirist and poet Mary Karr.

For additional informations, click here.

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