Book announcement – Le silence mutilé

Silence mutilé - Cover 1

The blurb reads:

In the book *Le silence mutilé* (“Mutilated silence”), Pieter Verstraete and Christine Van Everbroeck explore the impact of the First World War on both the minds and the bodies of Belgian soldiers. Through as yet unexploited archives, personal documents and historic research, they reconstruct the various initiatives implemented to re-integrate these maimed soldiers both in the army and in society, during and immediately after the First World War. The result is a moving and demystifying take, in which the Great War is approached from an innovative point of view.

 

Pieter Verstraete et Christine Van Everbroeck, Le silence mutilé. Les soldats invalides belges de la Grande Guerre, Presses Universitaires de Namur, Namur, 2014.

Pieter Verstraete is assistant professor in History of Education at the Laboratory for Education, Culture and Society at the KU Leuven.

Christine Van Everbroeck, PhD in History, is managing director at the Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History (Brussels).

 

Launch of Eugenics Archives Online (Living Archives on Eugenics in Western Canada)

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A team of researchers associated with the Community University Research Alliance and under the direction of Rob Wilson (University of Alberta, Canada) have just launched the Eugenics Archive. The website provides visitors with ten interactive tools to learn about the history of eugenics not only in Canada, but from throughout the world. The researchers describe the general project this way:

The ideas and practices aimed at improving “human breeding” known as eugenics were influential across North America in the first half of the 20th-century. Undertaken by 30 research scholars and sterilization survivors, and 12 community partners, Living Archives on Eugenics in Western Canada directly engages communities in developing accessible resources to bring to light the history of eugenics in Canada. It also creates a communal space to explore the relationships between that history and current policies and practices.

Wellcome Library Makes Digitized Asylum Records Available Online

Ticehurst Hospital

Ticehurst Hospital

The Wellcome Library has made around 1000 patient records from the Ticehurst Hospital during the years 1793-1925 freely available online. You will find a description of and access to the holdings here.

Call for Papers – Les 150 ans du CH Sainte-Anne

Screenshot from 2014-10-21 17:52:08Dans le cadre de la commémoration de ses 150 ans d’existence en 2017, le CH Sainte Anne réalise un ouvrage scientifique et mémoriel sur son histoire.

Un appel à contributions scientifiques est lancé, selon la méthodologie et le contexte à télécharger ci-dessous : les réponses sont attendues d’ici le 10 décembre 2014.

Résumé

À l’occasion des 150 ans du Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne (1867-2017), la direction de l’établissement souhaite commémorer l’évènement à travers la publication d’un ouvrage retraçant son histoire. De Valentin Magnan adepte du no-restraint à Jean Delay et la démocratisation des neuroleptiques, en passant par Benjamin Ball et la chaire de clinique des maladies mentales et de l’encéphale, Édouard Toulouse et l’apparition de la consultation ambulatoire ou Jean Talairach et la neurochirurgie stéréotaxique, le Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne s’est toujours imposé comme un précurseur dans le domaine de la Psychiatrie et des Neurosciences. Cette histoire ouvre de multiples perspectives pour comprendre et analyser l’évolution de la psychiatrie et des neurosciences à l’échelle d’un établissement mais aussi à l’échelle de la société du milieu du XIXe siècle jusqu’au début du XXIe siècle. Cet ouvrage se veut également résolument pluridisciplinaire et propose de mettre en regard la vie interne à l’établissement, les grandes avancées scientifiques, l’émergence des neurosciences, l’adaptation aux politiques de santé mentale ou encore le désenclavement progressif de l’institution psychiatrique.

Argumentaire

Le Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne fêtera ses 150 ans en 2017. Ces dernières années, un grand intérêt s’est manifesté à l’égard de son histoire, tant par les professionnels qui y travaillent ou y travaillaient que par les historiens. Cependant, il n’existe pas d’ouvrage de référence sur l’histoire de l’établissement. La proximité de l’anniversaire des 150 ans de l’inauguration de l’hôpital en 2017 ainsi que l’expérience acquise dans la publication d’ouvrages professionnels rédigés par des équipes « saintanniennes » ont conduit le Pôle formation du Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne à proposer la réalisation d’un ouvrage sur l’histoire de l’établissement entre 1867 et 2017. Mais il ne s’agit pas uniquement d’axer cette réflexion sur les évènements « saintanniens » du passé. En optant pour une chronologie allant jusqu’à nos jours, les membres du comité de pilotage du projet souhaitent en effet relier les problématiques du passé à celles des temps actuels.
Fondé en 1867, l’Asile Sainte-Anne (1867-1936), puis hôpital psychiatrique Sainte-Anne (1937-1943), puis centre psychiatrique Sainte-Anne (1944-1973), puis centre hospitalier Sainte-Anne (1974–), possède une histoire riche et singulière. Il est aujourd’hui une institution fondamentale de la vie économique, sociale, médicale et culturelle dans la cité. Son rayonnement s’est en effet affirmé au gré des époques jusqu’à devenir un pôle de référence en Psychiatrie et en Neurosciences. Hôpital public de notoriété internationale principalement orienté vers les maladies du cerveau, le Centre hospitalier Sainte-Anne développe à présent de nouvelles synergies autour de ses pôles d’excellence.

Si l’une de ses premières fonctions au milieu du XIXe siècle a été d’enfermer les fous, son évolution au cours du XXe siècle et la volonté de « déstigmatiser » la folie en ont fait une institution spécifique. Entre enfermer et soigner, le Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne a ainsi joué un rôle de coordination de première importance pour les autres établissements d’Ile-de-France, via le bureau d’admission et le centre psychiatrique d’orientation et d’accueil. De Valentin Magnan adepte du no-restraint à Jean Delay et la démocratisation des neuroleptiques, en passant par Benjamin Ball et la chaire de clinique des maladies mentales et de l’encéphale, Edouard Toulouse et l’apparition de la consultation ambulatoire ou Jean Talairach et la neurochirurgie stéréotaxique, le Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne s’est toujours imposé comme un précurseur dans le domaine de la Psychiatrie et des Neurosciences.

Au travers de contributions scientifiques, de témoignages et de portraits, l’ouvrage appréhendera les spécificités « saintaniennes » en matière d’innovations et d’avancées médicales, d’environnement, de culture, d’architecture et de politique de santé mentale.

L’étude de figures individuelles, Valentin Magnan, Henri Claude, Edouard Toulouse, Jean Talairach, Georges Daumézon, Pierre Puech, Pierre Deniker, Gabriel Mazars, Jacques Lacan, Virginie Olivier…, de métiers, psychiatres, neurologues, neurochirurgiens, psychanalystes, infirmiers, aides-soignants…, accordera une importance particulière aux « traces du passé » et à la dimension patrimoniale matérielle et immatérielle. Pourront ainsi être envisagés les aspects architecturaux si particuliers du Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne et son implantation dans la ville. Les contributions attendues pourront également s’intéresser au mode de fonctionnement général du Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne ou s’attarder sur des « instants d’histoire » tels que la vie à Sainte-Anne durant les deux conflits mondiaux ou l’adaptation à la sectorisation psychiatrique des années 1960-1970.

Pour plus d’information, cliquez ici.

New Issue of Journal of the History of the Neuroscience

njhn20.v023.i04.coverThe latest issue of the Journal of the History of the Neuroscience contains numerous articles that may interest the readers of h-madness.

“A Transnational Perspective on Psychosurgery: Beyond Portugal and the United States,” by Brianne M. Collinsa & Henderikus J. Stam. The abstract reads,

The history of psychosurgery is most often recounted as a narrative wherein Portuguese and American physicians play the leading role. It is a traditional narrative in which the United States and, at times, Portugal are central in the development and spread of psychosurgery. Here we largely abandon the archetypal narrative and provide one of the first transnational accounts of psychosurgery to demonstrate the existence of a global psychosurgical community in which more than 40 countries participated, bolstered, critiqued, modified and heralded the treatment. From its inception in 1935 until its decline in the mid-1960s, psychosurgery was performed on almost all continents. Rather than being a phenomenon isolated to the United States and Portugal, it became a truly transnational movement.

“Phantoms in Artists: The Lost Limbs of Blaise Cendrars, Arthur Rimbaud, and Paul Wittgenstein,” by Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky & François Boller. The abstract reads,

There have been an increasing number of reports of postamputation pain and problems linked to phantom limbs over recent years, particularly in relation to war-related amputations. These problems, which are often poorly understood and considered rather mysterious, are still relevant because they are difficult to treat medically. Functional neuroimaging techniques now enable us to better understand their pathophysiology and to consider new rehabilitation techniques. Phantom limbs have often been a source of inspiration to writers, particularly in the period following the First World War, which was responsible for thousands of amputees. Some artists have suffered from postamputation complications themselves and have expressed them through their artistic works. Blaise Cendrars (1887–1961), one of the greatest authors of the twentieth century, suffered from stump pain and phantom limb phenomena for almost half a century following the amputation of his right arm during the First World War. He suffered from these phenomena until the end of his life and his literary work and personal correspondence are peppered with references to them. Arthur Rimbaud (1854–1891), one of the most famous poets in world literature, developed severe stump pain after his right leg was amputated due to a tumor. He survived for only six months after the procedure but left behind an account of the pain he experienced in correspondence to his family. The famous pianist Paul Wittgenstein (1887–1961), whose right arm was amputated during the First World War, became a famous left-handed concert pianist. The phantom movements of his right hand helped him to develop the dexterity of his left hand. The impact on the artistic life of these three men provides an original illustration of the various postamputation complications, specifically phantom limbs, stump pain, and moving phantom.

“Jirí Procháska (1749–1820): Part 1: A Significant Czech Anatomist, Physiologist and Neuroscientist of the Eighteenth Century,” by Alexandr Chvátal. The abstract reads,

Jirí (George) Procháska (1749–1820), a Czech anatomist, physiologist, and neuroscientist of the eighteenth century, ranks among the major figures of Czech and European cultural history. The works of Jirí Procháska, due to historical circumstances, were published mostly in Latin and only some in German. However, given that only one treatise was partially translated into English, the results of his extensive research activities are currently unavailable to the international scientific community. The achievements of Jirí Procháska undoubtedly belong to the major intellectual heritage of European science and certainly deserve attention as such, although his research reflected the time in which he lived and therefore has been reevaluated by later researchers. Undoubtedly, it is our duty not only to remember the work and legacy of Jirí Procháska, which significantly influenced the development of our knowledge, but also to try to critically assess his contribution in terms of today. This article surveys the important biographical events of Jirí Procháska’s life, taking into account the significance of his research.

“Matters of Sex and Gender in F. J. Gall’s Organology: A Primary Approach,” by Tabea Cornel. The abstract reads,

The originator of phrenology, F. J. Gall (1758–1828), saw himself as a natural scientist and physiologist. His approach consisted of brain anatomy but also of palpating skulls and inferring mental faculties. Unlike some of the philosophical principles underlying Gall’s work, his conception of sex/gender has not yet been examined in detail. In this article, I will focus on Gall’s treatment of men and women, his idea of sex differences, and how far an assumed existence of dichotomous sexes influenced his work. In examining his primary writings, I will argue that Gall held some contradictory views concerning the origin and manifestation of sex/gender characteristics, which were caused by the collision of his naturalistic ideas and internalized gender stereotypes. I will conclude that Gall did not aim at deducing or legitimizing sex/gender relations scientifically, but that he tried to express metaphysical reasons for a given social order in terms of functional brain mechanisms.

“Differentiation between Seizure and Hysteria in a Tenth-Century Persian Text: Hid?yat of al-Akhawayni (d. 983 AD),” by Hassan Yarmohammadi, Behnam Dalfardi, Ahmad Ghanizadeh, & Milad Hosseinialhashemi. The abstract reads,

Although hysteria is associated largely with the nineteenth century, we find the subject treated in a tenth-century Persian medical text, the Hidayat al-Muta`allemin Fi al-Tibb [A Guide to Medical Learners] by al-Akhawayni Bukhari (d. 983 AD), a prominent physician in the Persian history of medicine. In this article, we discuss al-Akhawayni’s views on seizure and hysteria and his differentiation between the two conditions, and we place it in a historical context.

Found on Advances in the History of Psychology.

New editors of the History of the Human Sciences

Screenshot from 2014-10-15 20:14:13HISTORY OF THE HUMAN SCIENCES aims to expand our understanding of the human world through a broad interdisciplinary approach. The journal publishes articles from a wide range of fields – including sociology, psychology,  psychiatry, anthropology, political science, philosophy, literary theory and criticism, critical theory, art history, linguistics, and the law – that engage with the histories of these disciplines and the interactions between them.  The journal is especially concerned with research that reflexively examines its own historical origins and interdisciplinary influences in an effort to review current practice and to develop new research directions. 

James Good, the editor of History of the Human Sciences for 15 years, will be stepping down at the end of 2014. The incoming editors are: Dr Felicity Callard (Durham University) [Editor-in-Chief], Dr Rhodri Hayward  (Queen Mary University of London), Dr Angus Nicholls (Queen Mary University of London). They have assumed responsibility for new submissions since 1 July 2014.  Dr Chris Millard   (Queen Mary University of London) takes over as the new Book Reviews Editor. The journal also welcomes the following new members to the Advisory Editorial Board: Dr Sabine Arnaud, Prof Cornelius Borck, Prof Jamie Cohen-Cole, Prof Stefanos Geroulanos, Prof Sarah Igo, Prof Junko Kitanaka, Prof Rebecca Lemov, Prof Michael Pettit, Dr Chris Renwick, Dr Sadiah Qureshi, Prof Barbara Herrnstein Smith, Prof Marianne Sommer, Prof John Tresch, and Dr Neil Vickers.
 
Each editor is based in a different discipline – geography, history, and literary studies / critical theory – and all have strong cross-disciplinary interests. They look forward to continuing the journal’s rigorous interdisciplinary investigation of the human condition.

REGULAR SPECIAL ISSUES

The journal provides comprehensive coverage of a range of themes across the human sciences. Special issues and sections have been devoted to:

  • Historians in the Archive
  • Inventing the Psychosocial
  • Foucault Across the Disciplines
  • Neuroscience, Power and Culture
  • Reflexivity in the Human Sciences
  • The New Art History
  • Rhetoric and Science
  • New Developments in the History of Psychology
  • Writing as a Human Science
  • Hans Blumenberg
  • Constructing the Social
  • Identity, Self and Subject
  • Making Sense of Science
  • Identity, Memory and History
  • Who Speaks? The Voice in the Human Sciences

 

The new editors welcome any enquiries about the journal and suggestions for special issues. Please write to:

Felicity Callard felicity.callard@durham.ac.uk

Rhodri Hayward r.hayward@qmul.ac.uk

 
More information is available at the journal’s website (http://hhs.sagepub.com).

Documentary on Alfred Binet

Screenshot from 2014-10-11 17:40:25Philippe Tomine and Alexandre Klein have realised a documentary on Alfred Binet. A public presentation is organized October 15, 2014 at 5 pm in the amphitheater Lucien Cuénot at the Museum-Aquarium of Nancy (entry rue Godron) in the presence of the two authors. The film can also be visioned under this link.

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