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“The Uses of Psychoanalysis: Britain, France and the USA, 1920-2000” (Mellon Teaching Seminar, Cambridge)

The Uses of Psychoanalysis: Britain, France and the USA, 1920-2000

An Interdisciplinary Mellon Teaching Seminar

University of Cambridge

Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH)

October, November and December 2013

Convenors
Professor Peter Mandler (Faculty of History)
Professor John Forrester (Department of History and Philosophy of Science)

With the possible exception of Marxism, psychoanalysis has had both a broader and a deeper influence on intellectual life in the West than any other movement. Developed as a therapeutic and psychological programme at the turn of the century, occupying like no other epistemic and institutional project could the no man’s lands between the human and the biological sciences and between the figures of ‘care’ and of ‘knowledge’, it also had great influence on the fledgling social sciences – psychology, sociology and anthropology – in the first half of the twentieth century and fused with revolutionary enthusiasms in politics and in social reform (relating in particular to sexuality and to the position of women).  Above all it stood at the head of the diverse array of ‘technologies of the self’ developed by Western cultures increasingly absorbed by the cultivation of ‘personality’ in an age of alleged massification.  This seminar will examine some of the uses to which psychoanalysis was put, focussing on both disciplinary and interdisciplinary developments and on the local milieux in which psychoanalysis developed most vigorously – urban, cosmopolitan, intellectually and artistically vibrant cities.

The interdisciplinary rationale of the seminar reflects accurately the interdisciplinary scope of psychoanalysis itself. In Cambridge, aspects of psychoanalysis figure in several different disciplines: in history, in philosophy, in psychology, in anthropology, sociology, modern languages (in particular in German and in French, on account of the enormous influence of psychoanalysis on twentieth century French and German cultures) and inevitably in the history and philosophy of science. The 8-week Seminar will bring together approaches from social and cultural history, intellectual history, and history and philosophy of science to survey and take stock of a range of episodes, drawn from US, British and French psychoanalytic cultures, across the twentieth century. The seminar leaders hope that graduate students and postdoctoral researchers from a very wide range of disciplines will be attracted by the Seminar.

The leaders of the proposed Mellon Teaching Seminar are senior figures in the Faculty of History and the Department of History and Philosophy of Science. Mandler, principally a cultural historian, has a long-standing interest in the history and influence of psychoanalytic ideas (and on the popular dissemination of social-science concepts more generally), most recently palpable in his work on mid-twentieth-century cultural anthropology, Return from the Natives: How Margaret Mead Won the Second World War and Lost the Cold War (Yale University Press, 2013). Forrester has worked on various aspects of psychoanalysis, particularly, but not only, its history, for forty years; his recent research projects include the reception of psychoanalysis in Cambridge, 1908-1927 and the development of the concept of ‘gender identity’ in Los Angeles by the psychoanalyst Robert Stoller, c. 1963.

The syllabus will consist of 8 independent historical ‘episodes’, situated in different places and at different times across the period 1920-2000. Each week’s reading will consist principally in three sources, most of them ‘primary sources’ from the episodes in question. Extensive background reading, both primary and secondary, will be supplied for each week’s seminar, but requirement for participation in the Seminar will consist solely in reading the three sources (or thereabouts) for each week.

For additional information, click here.

The Geography of Depression

What’s the country with the smallest percentage of depressed people? Click here to find out. This extensive map, published yesterday in the Washington Post,  details the rates of depression diagnoses across the world:

The article is based on a new study by researchers at Australia’s University of Queensland published this week in the journal PLOS Medicine. The authors of this study, the Post article reads,used data on the prevalence, incidence and duration of depression to determine the social and public health burden of the disorder around the world. Globally, they found, depression is the second-leading cause of disability, with slightly more than 4 percent of the world’s population diagnosed with it. The map at the top of this page shows how much of the population in each country has received a diagnosis of clinical depression.”

Another opportunity to stir up the DSM debate?

Click here to read the entire Washington Post article.

Click here to access the original study.

Colloque Pierre Janet (Paris, December 2013)

NÉVROSES ORDINAIRES ET EXTRAORDINAIRES D’HIER ET D’AUJOURD’HUI

Organisation Renaud EVRARD et Isabelle SAILLOT

Avec l’aide précieuse de l’Institut Métapsychique International

VENDREDI 13 DÉCEMBRE 2013

9h – 18h

I.M.I., 51 rue de l’Aqueduc, 75010 Paris

 

La notion de « névrose extraordinaire » fut au centre de débats au sein de la Société Médico-Psychologique à partir de 1857. Pierre Janet critiqua cet adjectif qui ne rappelait que l’ignorance passée du médical face aux névroses, « comme s’il était raisonnable d’employer ce mot pour l’examen de phénomènes naturels » (Janet, 1909/2008, p. 372). Il s’agissait alors de mettre un nom sur un ensemble de cas à la limite des connaissances psychiatriques de l’époque, mêlant entre autres somnambulisme, double personnalité, crises hystériques, voyance et mediumnisme. Les années 1870 connurent une résurgence de ces « névroses extraordinaires » dans la suite du cas de la mystique belge Louise Lateau soumise à l’expertise des médecins, avec la formulation du diagnostic d’hystérie extatique (Lachapelle, 2004 ; Gumpper & Rausky, 2013). Pierre Janet a hérité de ce matériel clinique qu’il a été amené à observer et classifier, d’abord lors de ses études de somnambules, médiums et possédés réunies dans L’Automatisme Psychologique (1889) ; puis dans d’autres études sur les mystiques et les mécanismes des croyances. Ainsi a-t-il pu faire le pont entre deux époques, mais également entre l’extraordinaire et l’ordinaire, découpant le champ des « névroses ordinaires » que sont l’hystérie et la psychasthénie. De nos jours, cette notion de « névrose extraordinaire » pourrait aussi trouver sa place dans la nomenclature en tant qu’alternative diagnostique à la psychose pour une autre clinique : celle des hallucinations et délires non-psychotiques. Une réflexion reste à mener sur ce que seraient les formes ordinaires et extraordinaires de la structure névrotique (Evrard, 2013). Le destin de ce débat initié à la Société Médico-Psychologique n’est-il pas d’améliorer notre compréhension des névroses, à une époque tentée de les ignorer ?

PROGRAMME (sous réserve de modifications mineures)

9h-10h : Accueil (café, croissants)

10h-10h15 : INTRODUCTION. Isabelle SAILLOT et Renaud EVRARD

10h15-11h00 : Pascal LE MALÉFAN

+++ Les aliénistes face aux névroses extraordinaires

11h00-11h45 : Renaud EVRARD

+++ Extraordinaire et psychopathologie chez Janet

11h45-12h30 : Stéphane GUMPPER

+++ Fonction heuristique des « mystiques » dans l’œuvre de Pierre Janet ?

12h30-14h : Pause (repas libre)

14h-14h45 : Manuella DE LUCA

+++ Dépersonnalisation à l’adolescence : une étrangeté ordinaire ?

14h45-15h30 : Lucien OULAHBIB

+++ Les défaillances obstinées (« névrotiques ») de la mise à distance transcendantale du monde

15h30-16h15 : Isabelle SAILLOT

+++ Des maladies extraordinaires aux troubles fonctionnels : histoire et actualité des névroses sous l’angle « janétien ».

16h15-16h45 : Pause

16h45-17h45 : Table-ronde avec tous les intervenants (questions du public)

17h45-18h : CONCLUSION. Isabelle SAILLOT et Renaud EVRARD

Pour plus d’informations : http://isabellesaillot.net/?COLLOQUE-D-UNE-JOURNEE-SUR-PIERRE

Jung History Conference at UCL (London, November 2013)

JUNG HISTORY CONFERENCE

30 November 2013, UCL

A day conference with presentations from members of the UCL Centre for the History of Psychological Disciplines on ongoing research in Jung History

 

 

PROGRAMME

10.30-11.00am Registration

11-11.15am Introduction

11.15-12.00am Sonu Shamdasani “English Modernist Writers as Readers of Jung”

12.00-12.15pm Tea

12.15-1.00pm Gaia Domenici, “Books ‘For All and None’: Zarathustra, The Red Book and ‘Visionary’ Works”

1.00-2.30pm Lunch

2.30-3.15pm Christopher Wagner, “Jung’s Alchemy: The Concept and Uses of the Quaternity.”

3.15-4.00pm Vicente de Moura, “The case of Maggy Reichstein – Jung’s Quest and Eastern Psychology.”

4.00-4.30pm Tea

4.30-5.15pm Matei Iagher, “The Sun and the Blue Sky: C.G. Jung and Mircea Eliade on Religion.”

5.15-6.00pm Martin Liebscher, “With Queen Vaidehi to the Pure Land: Jung’s Reading of the Amitāyur-dhyāna-sūtra.”

Cost: £45
Registered Student (bring proof of ID): £30
UCL staff/student: free

Location: Arts and Humanities Common Room (G24), Foster Court, Malet Place, University College London

Click here to register.

For further information, contact Sonu Shamdasani at s.shamdasani@ucl.ac.uk

Colloque international : Charles Richet et son temps (Paris, novembre 2013)

Charles Richet et son temps

Colloque

Jeudi 14 novembre 2013

Salle des séances de l’Académie nationale de médecine

16 rue Bonaparte, 75006 Paris
Entrée libre

Anaphylaxie, sérothérapie, chaleur animale, suc gastrique et digestion, fermentation lactique et lactose, contraction musculaire, sensibilité, etc. Ces quelques mots et expressions dessinent le portrait d’un physiologiste d’exception, Charles Richet, récompensé du prix Nobel de physiologie et de médecine en 1913 pour sa découverte de l’anaphylaxie.

Mais en parallèle de son activité de chercheur, Charles Richet s’est également voulu écrivain, constructeur aéronautique, militant pacifiste, résumant à lui seul de nombreuses contradictions de son temps. Véritable pionnier de l’aviation et père spirituel de Louis Bréguet, il est également écrivain et auteur de fables, romans, poèmes et drames à l’antique. Quoique adepte du spiritisme, érigeant la science métapsychique en véritable science, ses travaux de physiologie n’en portent pas moins la marque d’un esprit positiviste et imprégné de rigueur. Eugéniste convaincu, favorable à la « sélection humaine » – pour reprendre le titre d’un de ses ouvrages -, il s’engage néanmoins dans le camp dreyfusard. Son pacifisme militant ne l’empêche pas, non plus, d’anticiper l’appel en 1870 et, de nouveau pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, de partir de son propre chef en Italie afin de la rallier à une cause qu’il estime fondée en droit.

Ce colloque permettra de faire le point, cent ans après l’attribution du prix Nobel à Charles Richet, sur cette figure scientifique fascinante de la fin du XIXe et du début du XXe siècle, homme et savant aux multiples facettes.

8h50. François-Bernard Michel, Président de l’Académie nationale de médecine
Accueil et mot d’ouverture.

Jérôme van Wijland, Directeur de la Bibliothèque de l’Académie nationale de médecine
Le don Gabriel Richet

Présidence : Pierre Ronco, Académie nationale de médecine

9h30. Jean-François Bach, Secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie des sciences
Le développement de l’immunologie après l’anaphylaxie

10h. Pierrette Estingoy, Psychiatre, praticien hospitalier, historienne
De la psychologie expérimentale à la personnalité biologique : la quête d’un savant à l’aube du XXe siècle

Présidence : Jean-Daniel Sraer, Académie nationale de médecine

11h. Raymond Ardaillou, Secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie nationale de médecine
Les travaux physiologiques de Charles Richet

11h30. Jacqueline Carroy, Directrice d’études à l’EHESS, Centre Alexandre Koyré
Charles Richet au seuil du mystère

12h. Alex Csiszar, Assistant Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University
Classer la connaissance scientifique

Présidence : Christophe Charle, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

14h. Jay Winter Charles J. Stille Professor of History, Yale University
Pacifisme, guerre et dépopulation

14h30. Anne Carol, Professeur d’histoire à l’Université d’Aix-Marseille. Institut universitaire de France
Eugénisme et sélection humaine

15h30. Claudine Fontanon, Maître de conférences à l’EHESS, Centre Alexandre Koyré
L’innovation aéronautique

16h. Jean-Marie Seillan, Professeur. Université de Nice – Sophia Antipolis
L’entreprise littéraire

16h30. George Weisz, Social studies of medicine, McGill University
Les Richet, une dynastie familiale

17h. Benoît Finck, Réalisateur
Extrait de film documentaire. Le témoignage de Gabriel Richet sur son grand-père

Exhibiton: “Art Against Mental Illness” (Embrace Fund, Lebanon)

From the website NOW:

Art against mental illness

Embrace Fund brings 19 artists together to exhibit work on a difficult topic

The numbers are heart-breaking: at least one Lebanese person in every five suffers from some form of mental health problem. But very few people, fewer than one in twenty, actively seek a way to help treat their condition.

Things may, however, be finally taking a turn in the right direction.Embrace Fund, a Lebanese non-profit organization, in partnership with the Medical Center of the American Univerisity of Beirut (AUBMC), has decided to confront issues related to mental health in Lebanon head-on, through art.

The exhibition will open its doors on October 24 in a large and newly refurbished space perched on the beautiful Zaitunay Bay water front, right in the middle of downtown Beirut. Ara Azad, the curator of the exhibition, has hand-picked each of the 19 artists whose works will be on display. He has asked each of the artists to work on a piece expressing what the state of Lebanese people’s mental health means to them, how and if it affects their daily lives and the perception they have of their role in society.

The topic of the show is not an easy one to confront. The artists NOWspoke to all confirmed the difficulty they have experienced reflecting on the topic of mental health in Lebanon. None of them was willing to say anything specific about the art they will be exhibiting before the showcase opens its doors, but what they are willing to confirm is that the Zaitunay bay exhibit is something deeply felt, much more than an ordinary show.

Fulvio Codsi, one of the artists chosen by Ara, tells NOW: “Being able to be part of an exhibition with such humane purpose means a great deal to me. I was very much inspired while working on my triptych as it was kind of like undertaking therapy.”

The aim of Embrace fund’s exhibition is to be “a catalyst” for change – every exhibited piece is a call for an open confrontation, a way to try to drag people down into themselves and attempt to explore their inner doubts, problems and fears. This is an effort that it seems the Lebanese are not too keen to undertake – thinking about the present is often preferable to envisioning the future or reflecting on the past.

To read the complete article and for additional information about the exhibition, click here.

Exhibition: “Art in the Asylum. Creativity and the Evolution of Psychiatry” (Nottingham)

ART IN THE ASYLUM

CREATIVITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHIATRY

Admission Free
Saturday 07 September – Sunday 03 November 11am – 5pm
Djanogly Art Gallery
Art in the Asylum presents the first examination of the evolution of artistic activity in British psychiatric institutions from the early 1800s to the 1970s. With over 100 loans from national and international archives, the exhibition traces the historical shift from invasive treatments of mental disorders to a more humane regime in which creativity played a significant role.
Uncovering fascinating stories, this historical overview provides insight into the diagnostic and therapeutic use of patient artwork, its influence on the development of humane psychiatric practice, and its wider recognition by artists associated with Art Brut and so-called Outsider Art.
PLEASE NOTE
The Djanogly Art Gallery runs reduced opening hours on a Sunday, the Gallery will be open 12pm-4pm.
For more information, click here.
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