Neue Ausgabe – NTM. Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
In der ersten Ausgabe von NTM. Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin in diesem Jahr findet sich auch ein psychiatriehistorisch relevanter Artikel:
Cécile Stephanie Stehrenberger: Psychische Störungen und sozialwissenschaftliche Katastrophenforschung, 1949–1985 (S. 61-79)
During the second half of the 20th century several American multidisciplinary social science „disaster research groups“ conducted numerous field studies after earthquakes, factory explosions and “racial riots”, both inside and outside of the United States. Their aim was to investigate the reactions and behavior of individuals, organizations and communities to disasters. All of these groups were either promoted or at least partly founded by different branches of the US military. This article will analyze the groups’ studies and findings on the question of disasters’ psychological effects. The main focus will be on the stance the scientists took on the diagnosis of psychological trauma—especially Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)—and the post disaster therapeutic interventions that became widespread in the 1970s and early 1980s. The disaster researchers questioned the need for, as well as the effectiveness and efficiency of “disaster mental health”. At the same time they advocated early ideas of resilience, which later became one of the most important concepts in disaster management and beyond.