New issue – Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

 

jhbsThe Winter issue of JHBS is out and includes the following two articles related to the history of psychiatry:

The great escape: World War II, neo-Freudianism, and the origins of U.S. psychocultural analysis by Edward J. K. Gitre. The abstract reads:

Psychocultural analysis stands as a signal accomplishment of the 1930s U.S. assimilation of European refugee-intellectuals. Scholars in the U.S. had been moving toward a kind of psychocultural analysis well in advance of the Great Migration—the U.S. was not an intellectual vacuum or wasteland—nevertheless, it was through their interdisciplinary collaboration, fueled by the specter of war, that these international peers stimulated one of the most wide-ranging, dynamic, and productive exchanges of ideas of the century. Through the lens of Erich Fromm’s Escape from Freedom, this article explores psychoculturalism’s emergence in the interstices between cultures, nations, ideas, and disciplines—between Europeans and Americans, psychoanalysts and social scientists.

The end of drugging children: Toward the genealogy of the ADHD subject by Edward J. Comstock

This genealogy of the ADHD subject will demonstrate that over the course of the twentieth century a new relation between power, knowledge, the body, and ethical practices of self-formation emerged around the ADHD-type in ways that are not captured by the received critical perspective. By examining the history of knowledge and practices surrounding the ADHD-type, this work will argue that the deviant subject that was located relative to external institutional moral/juridical values or standards is replaced over the course of the century by a new intelligibility of rational self-management. A further analysis of this emergent intelligibility attempts to advance the critical understanding of the increasingly prevalent ADHD phenomenon by showing how novel drug and brain imaging technologies work to link behaviors to identity, establishing new relations of power to the subject not captured by the received medicalization perspective. This work will be of interest to anybody interested in the relations among knowledge, drugs, power, and the ADHD subject.

More information, as well as a complete table of contents, can be found here.

  1. I look forward to reading the article claiming the decisive influence of Erich Fromm and other Frankfurt School refugees. But their ideology was nothing new and the entire history of Western civilization is implicated. I wrote about one instance here: http://clarespark.com/2010/06/19/committee-for-economic-development-and-its-sociologists/. The CED has been underinvestigated by scholars. They were big business converted to Keynesian economics and institutionalized in 1942. Recall that antisemites have notoriously exaggerated the role of the Frankfurters to stigmatize (imagined) Jewish control of medicine and psychiatry. Better to examine Plato & Co.

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